Environmental Licensing, RAP and EIA/RIMA
According to Brazilian laws, before the installation of an enterprise or activity which is/are potentially harmful to the environment, the environmental licensing should be carried out. The bodies responsible for the licensing, at the state level are the State Environmental Agencies, and at the federal level, IBAMA (Brazilian Institute of the Environment), through the Office of Environmental Licensing, mainly acting in infrastructure projects that affect more than one state, as well as in oil and gas activities and on the continental shelf.
The laws that govern the licensing are Law 6.938/81, CONAMA (National Council of the Environment) Resolutions nº 001/86 and nº 237/97 and Opinion 312 which deals with the state and federal competence for the licensing based on the extent of the impact.
Social participation in the licensing process is guaranteed by Public Hearings, during which the contents of the environmental study and report are presented to the communities living in the places which will be affected by the enterprise, clarifying doubts and accepting suggestions. They are held upon request from IBAMA, Environmental Agencies or civil entity, Department of Justice, or by a group of at least 50 citizens. The edictal for holding the hearings must be published in the Official Gazette and in the local communication media, indicating the date, time and place of the event. The place must be easily accessed by the local community.
SGW Services Qualification
SGW Services advises as to the conduction of Preliminary Consultations, Analysis of the Feasibility of Implantation, and prepares and accompanies the Preliminary Environmental Report (RAP) and Environmental Impact Study/Environmental Impact Report (EIA/RIMA) with a specialized multi-disciplinary team.
SGW Services has carried out various licensing of new enterprises, such as waste processing plants, expansion of industrial areas, and implantation of commercial and residential condominiums.